The historian Marcel Boisard states in his journal “On the probable influence of Islam on western public and international law”, published in the International Journal of Middle East studies[i]:
“It was above all the very high ethical standard of Islamic law that impressed the medieval West and provoked the development of a more refined legal thinking. This aspect is undoubtedly the most durable merit of Muslim influence, as illustrated by the administration of justice. Until the Crusades, legal procedure in the West consisted of “God’s judgments” by boiling water or by duel, or by “ordeal” during which people were burnt with red-hot irons or boiling oil and, if they survived, declared “not guilty.” In contrast, we have only to quote the instructions given by Omar in the seventh century to the Muslim judges to show what a chasm separated the two conceptions:
“Only decide on the basis of proof, be kind to the weak so that they can express themselves freely and without fear, deal on an equal footing with litigants by trying to reconcile them.”
Did a ‘State’ as we understand ‘State’ even exist in the first Islamic ‘State’?
End of post.
O.K., let’s begin again.
Dr Khalid Blankinship wrote an article called ‘The History of the Caliphate‘. In this, he was actually responding to a question about whether the khilâfah (Caliphate) had a continuous existence till the office was terminated by the newly founded, modern, secular state of Turkey (1342 AH/1924 CE).
Dr Mohammad Akram Nadwi, who completed a monumental 57-volume work on the lives of female scholars of Hadith in Islamic History (May 2010) explains that there was, once upon a time, over 9,000 female scholars across the length and breadth of an enlightened Muslim civilisation.
This pro-active approach to knowledge, he explains, was a direct result of Prophet Muhammad’s efforts [peace be upon him]. Continue reading
When reading Adam Deen’s post on ‘Muslim-Tribalism‘, which I enjoyed – and felt there was much truth to what was said – it immediately reminded me of two things:
There was a brief extract about ‘Identity Politics’ in Tariq Ramadan’s ‘Islam, the West and the Challenges of Modernity’ (2001), and I’d like to quote it here and add my own thought-additions in square brackets:
“The West which we [Muslims – but also possibly others as well] are still confusing with the universe of Christianity [good point – but this point might deserve its own post to unpack], finds no favour in the statements of some Muslim theologians and thinkers [and indeed with some Muslims, generally] who assert their Muslim identity in opposition to the United States and Europe. They are Muslims against the West, and all their reflection is fed by this cast of mind. Continue reading
“And We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth. To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To Allah is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.” (Qur’an 5:48)
So we should not waste our time with selfishness – but vie with one another to “race to [all that is] good” for the sake of high Truth/high Love/high Peace/high Justice/God (for in reality they are One and the same).
“So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it [on the Judgement Day],
And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it [on the Judgement Day].” (Qur’an 99: 7-8)
Now I have some thoughts on this. But I’ll keep it brief: Continue reading
Goodbye 4th Amendment
Goodbye 2nd Amendment
Get ready to say goodbye to the 1st Amendment. Continue reading