To understand the congruence of the One God worshipped between Zoroastrianism and Hinduism, the Ancient Greeks, the Celts and the Germanic tribes, we need to observe the Aryan peoples. They lived on the Caucasian steppes since about 4500 BCE and around 2500 BCE some Aryans split and moved into the interior of Europe. Those that stayed, themselves gradually split in two main branches, forming into speakers of the Avestan dialect and the Sanskrit dialect, but even by 1500 BCE they were still able to communicate with each other.
What makes this group of people spectacular is from them we have the largest language-family group in the world, stretching in ancient times from India in the east and Ireland in the west.
1. “The killing of other knowledge systems.” (cf. ‘Decolonization of knowledge, epitemecide, participatory research and higher education’ by Hall and Tandon (2017)).
Three school children visit a dusty library to research the story of ‘The Dark Ages’. What they find changes their world view dramatically as ingenious inventors and pioneers of science and culture are vividly brought to life.
From producer Ahmed Salim and starring Oscar-winning legend Sir Ben Kingsley in the role of The Librarian, this astounding movie provides an eye-opening introduction to the 1001 Inventions initiative.
Presenting our ground breaking documentary – Flat Earth and the Golden Age of Islam.
What if we told you that the world that you see around- a world of cutting edge technology, development, information and modernity- owes its origin, its existence to one book, one man and one of the greatest civilizations the world has ever see. Join us on a journey to unveil the “Quranic” roots of one of the greatest scientific revolution in history. One that went on to create modern science and then our modern world.
This is the first ever documentary that unravels the strategic role of the Quran in building modern science. Continue reading
When one thinks of the Ancient Egyptians, one immediately thinks of many gods. Surely there is no sign of monotheism in this civilisation, you’d instinctively assume. Just as a snapshot, observe this list depicting the main (most powerful) Gods from the Ancient Egyptian pantheon, which differed region to region over time – but note it was the sky or sun god that is almost consistently singled out as the most powerful:
Horus Early-dynastic 31c BCE: Sky god
Ra Old Kingdom 25-24c BCE: Sun god
Atum Old Kingdom: god of creation
Amun Old Kingdom 21c BCE: Sun god (replaced Mentho) (Amun-Ra became Zeus Ammon in Greece)
Mentho Middle Kingdom 19c BCE: war god – originally sun god (Old Kingdom)
Could there be a parallel with what happened with the Mesopotamian gods in Ancient Egypt – where the existence of a hierarchy and a central powerful god at its apex signals its monotheistic roots? In another post, I’ll unpick the oldest history of the Ancient Egyptians. However, I wanted to present two interesting ‘Islamic’ parallels from the New Kingdoms (about 1,550-1,100 B.C.E.).
The historian and former banker, Benedikt Koehler, in his lecture on ‘Early Islam and the Birth of Capitalism’ appears at a loss to explain what happened to the critical inquiry and dynamic underpinning that was the distinctive feature of the Early Islamic zeitgeist (watch from 49.05).
A young Hamza Yusuf once remarked bitterly in an old lecture that he was trying to calculate the exact day when all the Muslims collectively got together and – crank! – ‘switched their brains off ‘. (I will try and locate the exact lecture in due course.) Despite his frustrations in the joke, this notion – the implication – posits the ‘Closing of the Gates of Ijtihad’ scenario. We will explore this train of thought in due course (see below).
But what is being probed is the issue that where once the Muslim world was in a position of power, leading the world in sciences, economics and culture, now the same world has fallen to an all-time low. So what happened?