Critiquing the Core Islamic Tradition: Building a New Tradition on an Ephemeral Foundation of Conjectures [Hadith 4 of 5]

I have already posted this video and discussed the range of arguments about the age of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), here. This post (below), however, focusses on a very interesting discussion that took place during the question and answer session regarding the centrality of hadiths in the Islamic tradition. Continue reading

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Case Study: A Closed Secular and an Open Secular Approach to Hadiths [Hadith 3 of 5]

In this clip, a discussion on the likely origin of the Muslim prayer (salah) took place. This clip came from a longer interview on BBC Radio, here. For an overview of the longer interview, please read the Reference Section, below.

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The Hadith Critical Method and its Criticisms [Hadith 2 of 5]

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On Paul Willilams’ site, Blogging Theology, there was a conversation in the comments section of one post about the veracity of the (early) hadith tradition (which was very interesting) begun by a chap named Graham:

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Critiquing the Critique of Early Islamic History [Hadith 1 of 5]

 

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The main argument about the criticisms of Early Islamic history has been put forward in recent times by Tom Holland, the fiction writer and historian (Islam – The Untold Story). His argument can be summarised as:

  • The religion was invented – about a century after the Arab Conquest – to justify Muslim rule; and
  • Prophet Muhammad did not exist at all (in the way history, so far, has told us).

Putting aside the absolute hilarity of his claims, his points have, nonetheless, been critiqued – as weak – in many places, the most succinct of which (on the net) includes:

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The Muslim Theories of Evolution

There seems to be some issues with the Theory of Evolution. Let us use this opportunity to identify what they might be – if any… Please ensure you’ve at least read the Conclusion before you go. Thanks.

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Probable Islamic Influence on The Presumption of Innocence

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The historian Marcel Boisard states in his journal “On the probable influence of Islam on western public and international law”, published in the International Journal of Middle East studies[i]:

“It was above all the very high ethical standard of Islamic law that impressed the medieval West and provoked the development of a more refined legal thinking. This aspect is undoubtedly the most durable merit of Muslim influence, as illustrated by the administration of justice. Until the Crusades, legal procedure in the West consisted of “God’s judgments” by boiling water or by duel, or by “ordeal” during which people were burnt with red-hot irons or boiling oil and, if they survived, declared “not guilty.” In contrast, we have only to quote the instructions given by Omar in the seventh century to the Muslim judges to show what a chasm separated the two conceptions:

“Only decide on the basis of proof, be kind to the weak so that they can express themselves freely and without fear, deal on an equal footing with litigants by trying to reconcile them.”

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The Original Jewish Christians were… Muslims?

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“The very first Christians were called… Naserines… by their own testimony. They’re called according to the Qur’an… Nasara…” (See video, below – 0:42:50)

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